Traditional and sustainable Winegrowing
All the wines made by Bodegas Dominio de Atauta are conceived with the aim of fully expressing the character of the genuine oenological gem that the Atauta Valley is. This small valley is located at the beginning of the D. O. Ribera del Duero at 50 km from the source of river Duero in the province of Soria, at around 1000 metres above sea level.
This valley is very eroded, and even though it is small (4 km long and 1 km wide), it has a wide variety of soils available for the plant in terms of composition and depth, which depends on whether it is located in a valley, slope or moor. The common characteristic of all these soils is the calcareous rock found at a depth and that provide the grapes its mineral qualities, while impeding the roots from reaching deeper layers.
The valley’s altitude is one of its most characteristics elements, as, among other things, it helps the grape mature in a slower, more harmonious and balanced way. On the other hand, the wind that travels constantly through the valley from the west contributes to these vines being subject to low humidity levels and thus avoiding diseases.
These valley’s orographic conditions, together with the area’s climate conditions -low rainfall, low average temperatures and large temperature fluctuations between day and night during the ripening period-, are ideal factors for the growing of vines and the ripening of the grapes.
Roes, wild boars, vultures and aromatic herbs
The vineyards coexist in an environment with oaks, holm oaks, aromatic herbs -thyme and rosemary-, vegetable gardens, mushrooms, and animals, such as hares, partridges, roe deer and wild boar. Vultures and eagles are also a common sight in an ecosystem that subsequently becomes part of the wine from the interaction of all its elements.
The predominant variety is Tinto Fino, which is how the Tempranillo is known in Ribera del Duero. Dominio de Atauta manages over 500 plots of land in the valley, where only environment-friendly organic products are used for growing wine and where the work is carried out using the most sustainable methods available.
All the work in the vineyards is carried out manually, as no machinery can be used in the narrow plantation pattern (1.7×1.7). The soil treatment is completely natural, where only animal and plant compost is used.
The Dominio de Atauta vineyard dates back to the pre-phylloxera period, that is, around a century and a half, and all the vines are no younger than 85 years of age.
It is a gobelet-trained vineyard, following the area’s tradition. This type of plantation also helps the plant endure the low rainfalls (430 mm/year).
The old age of the vineyards, the poor soils, the low depth and the extremely careful work carried out in the vineyard produce very small yields, a maximum of 2500 kg of grapes per hectare, which is equivalent to each vine producing an amount of grapes slightly lower than that necessary to produce a 0.75 l bottle of wine.